22-31 May 2001

It's A Boy! It's A Girl!
And A Boy, And A Girl, And A Boy, And . . .

While walking the trails at Hilton Pond Center last October, we encountered a well-fed female Carolina Mantid (below right) that likely had been striking fear into the open circulatory systems of smaller insects and spiders. Carolina MantidThis three-inch-long Praying Mantis species (Stagmomantis carolina)--which happens to be the Official Insect of the equally feisty little State of South Carolina--preys on just about any terrestrial arthropod it can catch.

Despite her hunting ability, we knew the mantid would soon meet her own demise when cool weather came, so we looked long and hard for an egg case to show she at least had made accommodations for passing on her genes to a new generation.

Unlike the large, spherical, and more-visible egg case laid by introduced Chinese mantids, that of the native Carolina Mantis is often hard to find. In February, well after autumn leaf-fall and before spring green-up, we finally came across the two-tone brown egg case we'd been seeking. It was on the outer branch of a Sweetgum tree (Liquidambar styraciflua), situated such that it looked almost like a fat part of the twig (below left). Carolina Mantid egg caseWe snipped off a 12" length that included the egg case and brought it back to the lab at Hilton Pond Center--fully intending to put it in a large jar because we knew absolutely what would happen if we didn't. One thing led to another, of course, and the twig sat on our desk day after day, sometimes poised atop the printer or leaning against the window, and even being used as a temporary bookmark when our hands were full of banded birds.

Over the past ten weeks or so, several visitors have asked what the object was, and each time we told them it was an apparently viable egg case of a Carolina Mantid that would probably hatch out in late spring and produce dozens of baby mantids. Never, however, did we expend the few minutes of effort it would take to find a jar and place the egg case in it.

All this became moot at 10:13 a.m. on 31 May 2001 when we returned from checking mist nets to find--you guessed it--the egg case was spewing forth its contents (below) and reminding us of just how slack we had been in not avoiding this inevitable scenario. Fortunately, we arrived just in time for midwife duties; all the babes were either unhatched or they were merely exploring the piece of printer paper on which the twig had been sitting on this particular day.

Carolina Mantid egg case hatching

All photos © Hilton Pond Center

We immediately transported the whole maternity ward to a railing on the back porch and tried taking digital photos of the newborns--no easy task because they began scampering away on their six spindly legs that just a few minutes earlier had been soft and twisted inside each individual egg. After each youngster hatched, it dangled from the egg case by a thin thread until its exoskeleton hardened. The whole process--from emergence to being able to walk--only took a few minutes, and it's miraculous that all the 50 or so mantids that hatched appeared to be perfectly formed and fully functional.

Carolina Mantid hatchlingAs we moved the camera in close for macrophotography, each mantid struck a defensive posture (left), tried to stare us down with its beady little compound eyes, and then attacked the lens--apparently not realizing we outweighed the hatchling about a zillion to one. Very few of the baby mantids would stand still for a mug shot, choosing instead to scurry along the porch railing toward shrubs at one end; some lost their grips and floated almost weightlessly to the ground below. Had a hungry chickadee or warbler been around at this moment, we're certain almost none of the hatchlings would have gone uneaten, but for the moment they all had a head start on life.

Carolina Mantid hatchlingExcept for their translucent tan coloration, young mantids look much like adults--the front legs modified into "praying" position are distinctive--but a very close look will reveal they lack wings (right). Each hatchling will undergo at least a half-dozen molts between now and when it becomes sexually mature at summer's end, and not until the final one will it have fully functional wings. In the meantime, it will consume a lot of insects, starting off--we suppose--with fruit flies and gnats and ending up with bumblebees and beetles.

It's always interesting to watch nature being reborn, but in the case of this particular litter of Carolina Mantids, we feel more like proud grandparents than dispassionate observers. Care to see some pictures of our grandchildren?

Carolina Mantid hatchling

All photos © Hilton Pond Center

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American Redstart (female)
(Male is black and orange)

The following species were banded this week (22-31 May):

Ruby-throated Hummingbird--10
American Redstart--1
American Goldfinch--2
Carolina Chickadee--5*
Acadian Flycatcher--4
Great Crested Flycatcher--3
Northern Cardinal--2
Gray Catbird--1
House Finch--8*
Carolina Wren--2*
Eastern Bluebird--3 (nestlings)
Brown Thrasher--1
American Robin--1

* = At least one Recent Fledgling

Carolina Chickadee (fledgling)
(Entire family groups are
often netted in late May)

Eastern Bluebird (nestling)
(Some adult pairs have started
second broods by early June)

(22-31 May 2001)
13 species
43 individuals

62 species
573 individuals
(since 28 June 1982)
122 species
38,856 individuals

Brown Thrasher
(Heavy black bill and yellow
iris are distinctive)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (16)
American Goldfinch (1)
Northern Cardinal (3)
(Ninth-Year M)
Downy Woodpecker (1)

All photos © Hilton Pond Center

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Made With MacintoshHilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History is a non-profit research & education organization in York, South Carolina USA; phone (803) 684-5852. Directed by Bill Hilton Jr., aka "The Piedmont Naturalist," it is the parent organization for Operation RubyThroat. Contents of this website--including articles and photos--may NOT be duplicated, modified, or used in any way except with the express written permission of Hilton Pond Center. All rights reserved worldwide. To obtain permission for use or for further assistance on accessing this website, contact: WEBMASTER.